This is a topic that I get my nickers in a twist when trying to explain to people the importance.
This page is currently being prepaired. On completion it will have genetic information for beginers prepaired in an easy to understand manner. The page will include when and how's for breeding, suitable pairs, Pregnancy and birth.
I haven't been training dogs for very long in Northern Cyprus but it didn't take me long to discover that this is a topic people just don't seem to be bothered about and their are so many know it all's about who know nothing and I mean nothing at all.
Dog breeding is a very sensitive matter. I have yet to see a dog born in Northern Cyprus that lives up to its breeds name. The ammount of people I have turned down for advanced training due to their dogs ill-breeding would amaze one.
People for some reason just don't understand that choosing a sire and dam is not an easy proses. Mistakes result with not just bad color pigment or coat but atonomy and temperament. As an example if you breed two passive German Shepherd Dogs the result will be puppy's that are extremely passive and will never become a protection dog but maybe a fear - bitter! I have yet to see a vet that does x-rays and understands hip dysplasma in Herman Shepherd Dogs. If HD is high in both parents then there is a very high risk that the puppies will suffer HD and live an unhappy psinfull life.
Throughout the world there are assosiations that register certain dog breeds. They will only register a dog and call it pure-breed if both parents are registered, and fit to the breed standard. they require proof that they fit to the standart and this is done through titles. They require certain tests and have certain rules for parent choice and the actual process of intercourse. The reason for all of this is that if rules are not followed then it wouldn't take long for breeds to become extinct. All breeds have a book value color, size, weight, charecter, abilities etc. Incorrect breeding results as out of breed standard that means not pure breed!
Choosing a sire and dam requires knowlegde of the breed, genetics knowledge, licensing knowledge, etc. NEVER EVER adopt a dog from a now it all. You will be the one hurt. The dog will be the one in pain due to incorrect limb proportions....
Breeding is carried out with specific rules:
Dam and sire must be past the minimum age and below the maximum age allowed for breeding wich is subject to change. Generally at or older than 8 months and less then two thirds of natural life expectancy.
Matching must be performed with certain aspects held under consideration. Age, at least one partner must be experienced, temperament and charecter. Two dominant charectrs must never mate the idea is to match charecters and inteligent so the average of the two is that of the breed standard and preferably hihgert. Genetic problems. Eg. HD, both must be scored and the average must be less then that accepted. Pigment, colour and coat. Averages of both must match that of the breed standard. Two dogs whom just qualify for any aspect will give puppys that likely won't. Small color faults with both will most definately result as unaceptable coloring faults of the puppys. Siz and ratio's. If both parents are at the top limit in size then the puppys will likely pass the acceptable range standard the same with ratio. All averages of both must equal the standard. etc.
All this is performed not only by what the parents look like and act like but their familly history too. Genetic knowledge is a must. A strong piece of advice. Don't breed your pure dog if he/she isn't registered, or is registered and hasn't qualified for breeding.